Yogyakarta – Government Studies Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta (UMIP Social Sciences and Social Sciences Study Program) held an International Seminar on the topic “Democracy in Indonesia and Equipped with Other Countries” on Monday (11/11) in the 4th Floor Postgraduate Seminar Room.

This occesion, Dr. Andreas Ufen is a researcher from the German Institute for Global Area Studies (GIGA) and Bambang Eka Cahya Widodo, S.IP., M. Si., Lecturer of IP UMY who is the Chairperson of the Indonesian Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu) for the period 2008-2012 came as speakers.

There are five types of democratic transitions, namely Transformation, Replacement, Transplacement, Foreign Intervention, and Democratization by Elections- Andreas explained.

The first country was the Philippines, which experienced a replacement transition (replacement), where Ferdian Marcos was forced to leave his country and was replaces by Cory Aquino. The second country is Indonesia, which experiences a replacement transition model and transformation. Then, Timor Leste experienced a transition model of Foreign Intervention (external influences). Finally, Malaysia is experiencing a Democratization by Elections model (Democratization due to the general election).

Bambang mentioned several events that showed the decline of democracy in Indonesia, including the case of the death of journalist Muhammad Yusuf and cases of humiliation against the president.